At the Session “Cooperation between governments and activities in the field of cybersecurity”, which was held within 4th Western Balkans Digital Summit, Abazovic said that the new Cybersecurity Strategy will be developed for the period from 2022 to the end of 2025.
“We are already in this process, and we are working hard. The Strategy with the new Action Plans should become effective from the beginning of next year”, said Abazovic.
He said that he hopes that the Center for Cybersecurity, which will coordinate all activities in Montenegro in various public sectors, will be established.
The director of Results Consulting from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Enes Haracic, said that the threats to cybersecurity are global.
“The response to this kind of threat should be transnational, in our case regional. Since all the countries of the Western Balkans are small, it is very difficult to reach a critical mass. Thus the platforms for exchanging information can become interesting for those who share data, and also for those who read and use the data,” said Haracic.
The project coordinator at the Geneva Center for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces, Franziska Klopfer, said that countries are becoming the target of dangerous attacks due to the data at their disposal, stating that this disrupts the functioning of state administrations and services.
“Cybersecurity is a new area when it comes to security policies. And more and more countries are fighting to respond to the new needs that this age imposes. It is very important to know that investments are needed for cybersecurity issues from the very beginning, as well as for the state to make this issue a priority when it comes to national security and defence policies,” Klopfer said.
The representative of the European Commission's Directorate-General for Communications, Networks and Content, Mabrook Skander, said they had adopted a directive in certain sectors, which provided for member states to identify potential service operators that could be targeted by cyber attacks, which could affect economy and national security of the country.
“It is a good system because it prescribes that member states should improve cyber security through a national team that can respond to dangerous situations at a given time. We need a national authority that will checks whether this information is shared adequately, and we need key infrastructure that is part of these ways of functioning,” said Skander.
State Adviser for Information Systems and Technologies at the Ministry of Information Society and Administration in the Government of the Republic of North Macedonia, Solza Kovachevska, said that the Cyber Risk Preparation Program in this country is implemented by a technical team from the United States of America and the United Kingdom and coordinated by their department.
“This program defines three sectors. It concerns energy, ICT and finance. Successful implementation of the program includes the engagement of key ministries, key operators for infrastructure from the public and private sector,” said Kovachevska.
The representative of the Ministry of Trade, Tourism and Telecommunications in the Government of Serbia Serbia, Marija Popovic, said that one of the main objectives of the Cybersecurity Strategy, which covers the period 2021-2026, is to educate the population who has no experience in cybersecurity.
“We are steadily working on raising people’s awareness, but as in all other countries in the Western Balkans, we are lacking resources, people and knowledge,” said Popovic.
Director General of the National Administration for Electronic Certification and Cybersecurity of Albania, Vilma Tomco, said that Albania, as a small country, cannot invest in technical capacities for cybersecurity, but, as she stated, they invest more in human resources.
“The pandemic has to some extent had a good influence on us, because in a very short time we have become aware in the online environment we need to focus on people,” Tomco said.
She announced that their next focus will be placed on monitoring networks related to threats, in order to reduce the negative impacts on the telecommunications network.
“Continuous capacity building awareness and monitoring campaigns are an imperative,” Tomco said.
2021 Western Balkans Digital Summit is being held as part of the Berlin Process and as an initiative of the Regional Cooperation Council, and the importance of the Summit has been reaffirmed through the new four-year action plan 2021-2024, for the Common Regional Market (CRM).
The host and organizer of this year's Summit is the Ministry of Public Administration of Digital Society and Media on behalf of the Government of Montenegro, while the general sponsor is the company M:TEL.